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    Why Solution Annealed for Stainless Steel Pipes?

    The release date:2020-06-15
    Austenitic stainless steel pipe is softened by solution treatment . Generally , stainless steel pipe is heated to from 950~1150℃ and kept warm for a period of time, so that the carbides and various alloy elements are fully and evenly dissolved in austenite, and then cooled by rapid quenching water.Carbon and other alloy elements have no time to precipitate to obtain pure austenite structure , which is called solution treatment.

    There are three functions of solid solution treatment.
    1.It’s particularly important for materials to make the structure and composition of steel pipe uniform. After rapid cooling , a uniform single-phase structures is obtained. Atomic activity intensifies at high temperatures.  The phase dissolves and the chemical composition tends to be uniform. After rapid cooling ,a uniform single-phase is obtained.

    2. Eliminate work hardening to facilitate continuous cold working.
    Through solution treatment, the distorted lattice is restored, the elongated and broken grains are recrystallizes , the internal stress is eliminated , the tensile strength of the steel pipe decreased and the elongation increases.

    3.  Restore the inherent corrosion resistance of stainless steel.
     Due to carbide precipitation and lattice defects caused by cold working, the corrosion resistance of stainless steel decreases. After solution treatment ,the corrosion resistance of steel pipe returns to the best state.
     For stainless steel pipes, there are three elements of solution treatment are temperature, holding time and cooling rate.  The solution temperature is mainly determined according to the chemical composition.

     General speaking, for great with many kinds and high content of the alloy elements, the solid solution temperature should be increased accordingly. Especially for the steel with high content of manganese, molybdenum, nickel and silicon, the softening effect can be achieved only by increasing the solid solution temperature and fully dissolving it.
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